Saturday, July 5, 2014
Solve complex problems efficiently ,it is necessary to compromise the requirements of the movability and systematically. A control structure has to be constructed that no longer guarantees the best solution, but that will almost always find a very good answer. Such a technique is said to be heuristic (rule of thumb). A heuristic search improves the efficiently of the search process, but sacrifices the claims of completeness. But they improve the quality of the paths that are explored. Using good heuristics we can get good solutions to hard problems, such as the traveling salesman problem. Applying it to the traveling salesman problem produces the following procedure. 1. Arbitrarily select a starting city. 2. To select the next city, look at all cities not yet visited. Select the one closet to the current city. Go to it next. 3. Repeat step 2 until all the cities have been visited.